The encounter between a Neanderthal and one of the first humans did not occur in the Iberian Peninsula. This is the conclusion reached by an international team of researchers made up of members of the Australian National University, the University of Oxford, the University of the Basque Country, the University of Maryland, the University of Oviedo and the University of Girona. The result of the conclusion has been obtained after redo a dating of three caves of the first humans which are located on the route through the Pyrenees.
By practicing the carbon-14 technique, scientists have been able to reach the same conclusions at key sites across Europe, 'We can see that the arrival of our species in Europe took place 8,000 years earlier than previously thought and we can see the first dating of our species and the most recent, the Neanderthals in a specific regional setting, there is no overlap”Explained Álvaro Arrizabalaga, professor in the Department of Geography, Prehistory and Archeology, and one of the researchers at the University of the Basque Country.
The three caves chosen for the investigation are L’Arbreda, in Girona; Labeko Koba, in Guipúzcoa and The vineyard, In asturias. The three were the places where the flow of populations and animals occurred between the Peninsula and the continent.
«L ’Arbreda is the eastern pass; Labeko Koba, in the Deba valley, is located in the entrance corridor through the Western Pyrenees and La Viña is of value as a paradigm, since it provides a magnificent sequence from the Upper Paleolithic; in other words, the technical and cultural behavior of the Cro-Magnons during the last ice age”Arrizabalaga indicated.
The selection of the remains is very strict. In Labeko Koba, 18 remains were dated and the results are completely convergent in relation to their strategic position, that is, those that appeared in the depths are the oldest.
The fundamental conclusion that the scene of the encounter between a Neanderthal and a Crog-Magnon was not the Iberian Peninsula, It is the same as that which has been reached in the last three years through different investigations in Italy, Great Britain, France and Germany.
“For 25 years we had been saying that Neanderthals and early humans lived together for 8,000-10,000 years. Today, we think that in Europe there is a gap between one species and the other and, therefore, there was no hybridization, which in fact will take place in parts of the Middle East«Arrizabalaga explained.
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