History of Madrid: districts of Ciudad Lineal and Salamanca

History of Madrid: districts of Ciudad Lineal and Salamanca

One of the consequences of Industry RevolutionIt was the great rural exodus that prompted many people to move to the industrial cities. These were not prepared to house such a number of inhabitants, so plans for the construction of new houses and urban measures were made to expand the large cities. Thus, more space was provided for the new residences and the burgeoning transportation system.

George Eugène Haussmann (1809-1891) was a model in Europe after the remodeling, modernization and expansion that it applied in the city of Paris.

For its part, in Madrid highlighted several urban projects. On the one hand, the expansion of Madrid Directed by Carlos María de Castro (1810-93), based on grids with wide streets and extensive gardens in each block.

Specific highlights the expansion of the Salamanca district, promoted by José María de Salamanca y Mayol, known as the Marquis of Salamanca.

In this neighborhood we can observe a perfect combination of residences, and shops, all connected to a good public transport system such as the metro and the bus.

In this district the Commerce, in fact includes the well-known "Golden mile”, Namely Velázquez, Ortega y Gasset, Juan Bravo and Serrano streets, where there are many luxury stores with items from internationally recognized brands.

From the remodeling of this neighborhood, the nobility of Madrid has populated their homes. That is why we can find restaurants and bars chic of very good quality.

Apart from emblematic monuments such as the Puerta de Alcalá in the Plaza de la Independencia, in this district we can also find interesting historical architecture in the form of a great variety of palaces. First of all, in the Marquis of Salamanca square, at the crossroads of Calle Ortega y Gasset and Príncipe de Vergara is the Palace of the Viscount of Escoriaza, whose façade was moved to its current location after the widening of Gran Vía in the 19th century. In this square is also the Villota palace.

Also, the Saldaña Palace, by the architect Joaquín Saldaña, from the mid-20th century. After the restoration in the late 90s and early this century, this building has housed exhibitions, meetings, and all kinds of socio-cultural activities.

Finally, the Sunflower Building, from Lagasta street, by the 20th century architect José Antonio Goderch.

On the other hand, highlighted the project to widen the Linear City by Arturo Soria y Mata (1843-1920), which featured a large axis of width traversed by a main street 40 meters wide. In the center a railway line passed. This urban project represented an alternative to the traditional concentric distribution around a nucleus, such as the old town. The main objective is to bring the countryside closer to the city, providing a more natural touch, by developing larger and greener areas. The downside is the spatial limitation.

This district goes from the Plaza de Ciudad Lineal to Pinar de Chamartin, tracing a straight line. In it predominate quiet residences with few plants, in most cases fenced with green areas inside such as gardens and private pools. You can also find parks between the sidewalk and the road. In the center of the street there is a green area that separates the two directions of traffic flow. As we can see, the architect's project has been preserved in most, with the exception of the tram.

The Salamanca and Ciudad Lineal neighborhoods they are connected by Calle Alcalá in the Plaza de Ciudad Lineal, also known as “The cross”, Where Hermanos García Noblejas street begins. This route is a good alternative to the center, because it is an area that shows culture and history in a different way since the streets are wider and perhaps more relaxing and pleasant than those of the old town, especially the case of Arturo Soria.

As you can see, Madrid is a cultural city reference that shows a great variety of historical neighborhoods that are not necessarily located in the city center.

I am currently studying Journalism and Audiovisual Communication at the Rey Juan Carlos University, which has made me inclined towards the international section, including the study of languages. For this reason, I do not rule out dedicating myself to teaching. I also like to practice physical exercise and spend a pleasant time chatting with my acquaintances and with new people. Lastly, I enjoy traveling to know the authentic culture of each region of the world, although I admit that before I need to find out as much as possible about the place I'm going to visit, to fully enjoy the experience.

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